Category Archives: Mangroves

Building Resilience in the Sundarbans

Building Resilience in the Sundarbans: Recognition by the World Bank of the importance of mangroves and sustainable shrimp farming

The Sundarbans, a world heritage site of mangrove forests since 1987 and home to the Bengal tigers, is faced with environmental damage worth INR 6.7 billion (~USD $10758750) due to anthropogenic pressures and climate change. The recent release of the report ‘Building Resilience for Sustainable Development of the Sundarbans’ by the World Bank denotes that this loss is equivalent to 4.8% of Sundarbans’ GDP in 2009 and is a combination of six damage categories (not including overfishing):

  1. Cyclones: INR 2.9 billion (2.1% of GDP; USD $4656770), which includes infrastructure damage, human injuries and fatalities.
  2. The cost of shrimp post-larvae by-catch losses: INR 2 billion (1.5% of GDP; USD $ 3211566), which is associated with fry collection and lack of hatcheries.
  3. The cost of carbon sequestration: INR 0.8 billion (~USD $1284626), which is associated with degradation and suboptimal density of mangrove forests.
  4. The cost of soil salinity: INR 0.6 billion (~USD $963470), in terms of yield of paddy rice.
  5. Biodiversity losses: INR 0.2 billion (~USD $321157).
  6. Preventable sea level: INR 0.045 billion (~USD $72260)

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Sustainable Logging of Mangroves: An Oxymoron or a Solution?

Sustainable Logging of Mangroves: An Oxymoron or a Solution?

Most of the work of the Mangrove Action Project is focused on conservation and rehabilitation of mangroves. It seems antithetical that logging and timber operations could possibly pose a sustainable solution to mangrove degradation. Environmentally-minded citizens have probably heard that deforestation contributes significantly to greenhouse gas emissions; estimates range from 12%  to 30%, with recent estimate close to 15% to 20%. Mangrove deforestation has contributed to coastal degradation and loss of a variety of ecosystem services that are important not only to the environment but to the livelihoods of local inhabitants. Mangrove forests have also been identified as tremendous carbon sinks; deforestation activities release this sequestered carbon to the atmosphere. How then might logging actually improve the fate of mangrove forests? Continue reading

SNV REDD+ program targets mangrove rehabilitation in Ca Mau Province, Vietnam

SNV REDD+ program targets mangrove rehabilitation in Ca Mau Province, Vietnam

A new program designed to rehabilitate and reforest mangroves in Ca Mau Province, Vietnam has been launched by SNV, an international non-profit focused on sustainable development. The program, called Mangroves and Markets, is a REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation “plus” conservation) initiative. REDD+, as defined by Conservation International, is “a suite of policies, institutional reforms and programs that provide monetary incentives for developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and sustain economic growth by halting or preventing the destruction of their forests.” Continue reading

Love Eating Prawns? Think Twice Before Biting Into One!

Love eating prawns? You’ll go right off them after we tell you what THEY are fed on

  • ‘I’ll never eat a king prawn again’ says Wickens after seeing Thai prawn trade
  • The environment is left devastated and polluted by unscrupulous trawlers
  • Trafficked labourers from Burma and Cambodia work in appalling conditions



What is Sustainable Seafood? – One Prawn Left

A new video by Chris Cook on mangrove loss and shrimp farming, made by the Pullman Focus Film School:

Open Letter of Protest Against Shrimp Certification by WWF


April 24, 2012

Dear ShAD/GSC members,

After careful and considered reflection on the draft standards and the whole WWF-ShAD (Shrimp Aquaculture Dialogue) process, we the undersigned Conscientious Objectors — NGOs working with local communities in the shrimp producer-nations and consumers in the shrimp-importing nations — have unanimously decided that we cannot support the ShAD General Steering Committee (ShAD/GSC) and the Aquaculture Stewardship Council’s (ASC) intentions or actions towards establishing standards for shrimp aquaculture certification. Many others who have added their names and organizational affiliations to our list have also joined us in our protest.